Skip to main content

Articles

Page 1 of 7

  1. Four studies involving 2552 White American participants were conducted to investigate bias based on the race-based phenotype of hair texture. Specifically, we probed the existence and magnitude of bias in favo...

    Authors: Benedek Kurdi, Timothy J. Carroll and Mahzarin R. Banaji

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:61

    Content type: Original article

    Published on:

  2. For over 50 years, the satisfaction of search effect has been studied within the field of radiology. Defined as a decrease in detection rates for a subsequent target when an initial target is found within the ...

    Authors: Stephen H. Adamo, Brian J. Gereke, Sarah Shomstein and Joseph Schmidt

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:59

    Content type: Review article

    Published on:

  3. Prior research has shown that interruptions lead to a variety of performance costs. However, these costs are heterogenous and poorly understood. Under some circumstances, interruptions lead to large decreases ...

    Authors: David Alonso, Mark Lavelle and Trafton Drew

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:58

    Content type: Original article

    Published on:

  4. How does viewers’ knowledge guide their attention while they watch everyday events, how does it affect their memory, and does it change with age? Older adults have diminished episodic memory for everyday event...

    Authors: Maverick E. Smith, Lester C. Loschky and Heather R. Bailey

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:56

    Content type: Original article

    Published on:

  5. In the present study, we investigated whether police officers’ performance in searching for unfamiliar faces in a video-based real-world task is predicted by laboratory-based face processing tests that are typ...

    Authors: Markus M. Thielgen, Stefan Schade and Carolin Bosé

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:54

    Content type: Original article

    Published on:

  6. Faces judged as stereotypically Black are perceived negatively relative to less stereotypical faces. In this experiment, artificial faces were constructed to examine the effects of nose width, lip fullness, an...

    Authors: Heather Kleider-Offutt, Ashley M. Meacham, Lee Branum-Martin and Megan Capodanno

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:53

    Content type: Original article

    Published on:

  7. Politically oriented “fake news”—false stories or headlines created to support or attack a political position or person—is increasingly being shared and believed on social media. Many online platforms have tak...

    Authors: Rebecca Hofstein Grady, Peter H. Ditto and Elizabeth F. Loftus

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:52

    Content type: Original article

    Published on:

  8. We investigated whether standardized neuropsychological tests and experimental cognitive paradigms measure the same cognitive faculties. Specifically, do neuropsychological tests commonly used to assess attent...

    Authors: Melissa Treviño, Xiaoshu Zhu, Yi Yi Lu, Luke S. Scheuer, Eliza Passell, Grace C. Huang, Laura T. Germine and Todd S. Horowitz

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:51

    Content type: Original article

    Published on:

  9. One criterion of adaptive learning is appropriate generalization to new instances based on the original learning context and avoiding overgeneralization. Appropriate generalization requires understanding what ...

    Authors: Nicole R. Hallinen, Lauren N. Sprague, Kristen P. Blair, Rebecca M. Adler and Nora S. Newcombe

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:50

    Content type: Original article

    Published on:

  10. Identifying speech requires that listeners make rapid use of fine-grained acoustic cues—a process that is facilitated by being able to see the talker’s face. Face masks present a challenge to this process beca...

    Authors: Violet A. Brown, Kristin J. Van Engen and Jonathan E. Peelle

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:49

    Content type: Brief report

    Published on:

  11. Face-identity processing declines with age. Few studies have examined whether face-identity processing abilities can be measured independently from general cognitive abilities in older adults (OA). This questi...

    Authors: Isabelle Boutet and Bozana Meinhardt-Injac

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:48

    Content type: Original article

    Published on:

  12. Visual search in dynamic environments, for example lifeguarding or CCTV monitoring, has several fundamentally different properties to standard visual search tasks. The visual environment is constantly moving, ...

    Authors: Emily M. Crowe, Christina J. Howard, Iain D. Gilchrist and Christopher Kent

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:47

    Content type: Original article

    Published on:

  13. Eye tracking is a useful tool for studying human cognition, both in the laboratory and in real-world applications. However, there are cases in which eye tracking is not possible, such as in high-security envir...

    Authors: Laura E. Matzen, Mallory C. Stites and Zoe. N. Gastelum

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:45

    Content type: Original article

    Published on:

  14. Test anxiety is a major concern in education because it causes uncomfortable feelings in test-anxious students and may reduce the validity of exam scores as a measure of learning. As such, brief and cost-effec...

    Authors: Sarah J. Myers, Sara D. Davis and Jason C. K. Chan

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:44

    Content type: Original article

    Published on:

  15. One of the many sources of information easily available to children is the internet and the millions of websites providing accurate, and sometimes inaccurate, information. In the current investigation, we exam...

    Authors: Kim P. Roberts, Katherine R. Wood and Breanne E. Wylie

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:42

    Content type: Original article

    Published on:

  16. The novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has considerably heightened health and financial concerns for many individuals. Similar concerns, such as those associated with poverty, impair performance on cogn...

    Authors: Jihyang Jun, Yi Ni Toh, Caitlin A. Sisk, Roger W. Remington and Vanessa G. Lee

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:41

    Content type: Original article

    Published on:

  17. Over-the-counter (OTC) drugs have many benefits but also carry risks, such as adverse drug reactions, which are more prevalent in older adults. Because these products do not require the oversight of a physicia...

    Authors: Alyssa L. Harben, Deborah A. Kashy, Shiva Esfahanian, Lanqing Liu, Laura Bix and Mark W. Becker

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:40

    Content type: Original article

    Published on:

  18. Research on the sharing of fake news has primarily focused on the manner in which fake news spreads and the literary style of fake news. These studies, however, do not explain how characteristics of fake news ...

    Authors: Amy J. Lim, Edison Tan and Tania Lim

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:39

    Content type: Original article

    Published on:

  19. Repeated information is often perceived as more truthful than new information. This finding is known as the illusory truth effect, and it is typically thought to occur because repetition increases processing f...

    Authors: Aumyo Hassan and Sarah J. Barber

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:38

    Content type: Original article

    Published on:

  20. People often need to update representations of information upon discovering them to be incorrect, a process that can be interrupted by competing cognitive demands. Because anxiety and stress can impair cogniti...

    Authors: Vera E. Newman, Hannah F. Yee, Adrian R. Walker, Metaxia Toumbelekis and Steven B. Most

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:36

    Content type: Original article

    Published on:

  21. Attention is known to play an important role in shaping the behaviour of both human and animal foragers. Here, in three experiments, we built on previous interactive tasks to create an online foraging game for...

    Authors: Ian M. Thornton, Jérôme Tagu, Sunčica Zdravković and Árni Kristjánsson

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:35

    Content type: Original article

    Published on:

  22. The cognitive load of many everyday life tasks exceeds known limitations of short-term memory. One strategy to compensate for information overload is cognitive offloading which refers to the externalization of...

    Authors: Hauke S. Meyerhoff, Sandra Grinschgl, Frank Papenmeier and Sam J. Gilbert

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:34

    Content type: Original article

    Published on:

  23. When searching for a known target, mental representations of target features, or templates, guide attention towards matching objects and facilitate recognition. When only distractor features are known, distrac...

    Authors: Alex Muhl-Richardson, Maximilian G. Parker, Sergio A. Recio, Maria Tortosa-Molina, Jennifer L. Daffron and Greg J. Davis

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:33

    Content type: Original article

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:60

  24. A major problem in human cognition is to understand how newly acquired information and long-standing beliefs about the environment combine to make decisions and plan behaviors. Over-dependence on long-standing...

    Authors: Gwendolyn L. Rehrig, Michelle Cheng, Brian C. McMahan and Rahul Shome

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:32

    Content type: Original article

    Published on:

  25. In co-located, multi-user settings such as multi-touch tables, user interfaces need to be accessible from multiple viewpoints. In this project, we investigated how this goal can be achieved for depictions of d...

    Authors: Tjark Müller, Friedrich W. Hesse and Hauke S. Meyerhoff

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:31

    Content type: Original article

    Published on:

  26. Human operators often experience large fluctuations in cognitive workload over seconds timescales that can lead to sub-optimal performance, ranging from overload to neglect. Adaptive automation could potential...

    Authors: Udo Boehm, Dora Matzke, Matthew Gretton, Spencer Castro, Joel Cooper, Michael Skinner, David Strayer and Andrew Heathcote

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:30

    Content type: Original article

    Published on:

  27. How do scientists generate and weight candidate queries for hypothesis testing, and how does learning from observations or experimental data impact query selection? Field sciences offer a compelling context to...

    Authors: Cristina G. Wilson, Feifei Qian, Douglas J. Jerolmack, Sonia Roberts, Jonathan Ham, Daniel Koditschek and Thomas F. Shipley

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:29

    Content type: Original article

    Published on:

  28. Today’s citizens are expected to use evidence, frequently presented in the media, to inform decisions about health, behavior, and public policy. However, science misinformation is ubiquitous in the media, maki...

    Authors: Audrey L. Michal, Yiwen Zhong and Priti Shah

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:28

    Content type: Original article

    Published on:

  29. Camouflage-breaking is a special case of visual search where an object of interest, or target, can be hard to distinguish from the background even when in plain view. We have previously shown that naive, non-p...

    Authors: Fallon Branch, Allison JoAnna Lewis, Isabella Noel Santana and Jay Hegdé

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:27

    Content type: Brief report

    Published on:

  30. Collective intelligence (CI) is said to manifest in a group’s domain general mental ability. It can be measured across a battery of group IQ tests and statistically reduced to a latent factor called the “c-factor...

    Authors: Luke I. Rowe, John Hattie and Robert Hester

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:26

    Content type: Review article

    Published on:

  31. Professional screeners frequently verify photograph IDs in such industries as professional security, bar tending, and sales of age-restricted materials. Moreover, security screening is a vital tool for law enf...

    Authors: Dawn R. Weatherford, Devin Roberson and William Blake Erickson

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:25

    Content type: Original article

    Published on:

  32. Previous research has focused on accuracy associated with real and fake news presented in the form of news headlines only, which does not capture the rich context news is frequently encountered in real life. A...

    Authors: Didem Pehlivanoglu, Tian Lin, Farha Deceus, Amber Heemskerk, Natalie C. Ebner and Brian S. Cahill

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:24

    Content type: Original article

    Published on:

  33. College students lack fact-checking skills, which may lead them to accept information at face value. We report findings from an institution participating in the Digital Polarization Initiative (DPI), a nationa...

    Authors: Jessica E. Brodsky, Patricia J. Brooks, Donna Scimeca, Ralitsa Todorova, Peter Galati, Michael Batson, Robert Grosso, Michael Matthews, Victor Miller and Michael Caulfield

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:23

    Content type: Original article

    Published on:

  34. The purpose of the present note is to draw attention to the potential role of a recently discovered visual illusion in creating traffic accidents. The illusion consists in a compelling and immediate experience...

    Authors: Vebjørn Ekroll, Mats Svalebjørg, Angelo Pirrone, Gisela Böhm, Sebastian Jentschke, Rob van Lier, Johan Wagemans and Alena Høye

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:22

    Content type: Original article

    Published on:

  35. When a visual search target frequently appears in one target-rich region of space, participants learn to search there first, resulting in faster reaction time when the target appears there than when it appears...

    Authors: Caitlin A. Sisk, Victoria Interrante and Yuhong V. Jiang

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:21

    Content type: Original article

    Published on:

  36. Professions such as radiology and aviation security screening that rely on visual search—the act of looking for targets among distractors—often cannot provide operators immediate feedback, which can create sit...

    Authors: Patrick H. Cox, Dwight J. Kravitz and Stephen R. Mitroff

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:19

    Content type: Original article

    Published on:

  37. It has repeatedly been reported that, when making decisions under uncertainty, groups outperform individuals. Real groups are often replaced by simulated groups: Instead of performing an actual group discussio...

    Authors: Sascha Meyen, Dorothee M. B. Sigg, Ulrike von Luxburg and Volker H. Franz

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:18

    Content type: Original article

    Published on:

  38. Cognition and action are often intertwined in everyday life. It is thus pivotal to understand how cognitive processes operate with concurrent actions. The present study aims to assess how simple physical effor...

    Authors: Hyung-Bum Park, Shinhae Ahn and Weiwei Zhang

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:17

    Content type: Original article

    Published on:

  39. Experts outperform novices on many cognitive and perceptual tasks. Extensive training has tuned experts to the most relevant information in their specific domain, allowing them to make decisions quickly and ac...

    Authors: Samuel G. Robson, Jason M. Tangen and Rachel A. Searston

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:16

    Content type: Original article

    Published on:

  40. The diagnostic feature-detection theory (DFT) of eyewitness identification is based on facial information that is diagnostic versus non-diagnostic of suspect guilt. It primarily has been tested by discounting ...

    Authors: Curt A. Carlson, Jacob A. Hemby, Alex R. Wooten, Alyssa R. Jones, Robert F. Lockamyeir, Maria A. Carlson, Jennifer L. Dias and Jane E. Whittington

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:14

    Content type: Original article

    Published on:

  41. Visual inspection of luggage using X-ray technology at airports is a time-sensitive task that is often supported by automated systems to increase performance and reduce workload. The present study evaluated ho...

    Authors: Tobias Rieger, Lydia Heilmann and Dietrich Manzey

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:12

    Content type: Original article

    Published on:

  42. The introduction of autonomous vehicles (AVs) could prevent many accidents attributable to human driver error. However, even entirely driverless vehicles will sometimes require remote human intervention. Curre...

    Authors: Clare Mutzenich, Szonya Durant, Shaun Helman and Polly Dalton

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:9

    Content type: Review article

    Published on:

Affiliated with

Annual Journal Metrics