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  1. As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, face coverings were introduced as a safety measure in certain environments in England and some research suggests that they can affect emotion recognition. Factors such as ...

    Authors: Holly Cooper, Amrit Brar, Hazel Beyaztas, Ben J. Jennings and Rachel J. Bennetts
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:57
  2. Visual search—looking for targets among distractors—underlies many critical professions (e.g., radiology, aviation security) that demand optimal performance. As such, it is important to identify, understand, a...

    Authors: Justin N. Grady, Patrick H. Cox, Samoni Nag and Stephen R. Mitroff
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:56
  3. There is an increasing need in eyewitness identification research to identify factors that not only influence identification accuracy but may also impact the confidence–accuracy (CA) relationship. One such var...

    Authors: Sara D. Davis and Daniel J. Peterson
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:55
  4. Facial expressions provide key information for successful social interactions. Recent research finds that accurate perception of emotion expressions decreases when faces are presented with face masks. What is ...

    Authors: Riley H. Swain, Aminda J. O’Hare, Kamila Brandley and A. Tye Gardner
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:54
  5. Face masks occlude parts of the face which hinders social communication and emotion recognition. Since sign language users are known to process facial information not only perceptually but also linguistically,...

    Authors: Wee Kiat Lau, Jana Chalupny, Klaudia Grote and Anke Huckauf
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:53
  6. Many studies have shown that using a computer-aided detection (CAD) system does not significantly improve diagnostic accuracy in radiology, possibly because radiologists fail to interpret the CAD results prope...

    Authors: Fallon Branch, K. Matthew Williams, Isabella Noel Santana and Jay Hegdé
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:52
  7. The world population is getting older and, as a result, the number of older victims of crime is expected to increase. It is therefore essential to understand how ageing affects eyewitness identification, so pr...

    Authors: Juliet S. Holdstock, Polly Dalton, Keith A. May, Stewart Boogert and Laura Mickes
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:51
  8. Although the positive effects of congruency between stimuli are well replicated in face memory paradigms, mixed findings have been found in face matching. Due to the current COVID-19 pandemic, face masks are n...

    Authors: Alejandro J. Estudillo and Hoo Keat Wong
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:49
  9. The interactions between emotion and attention are complex due to the multifaceted nature of attention. Adding to this complexity, the COVID-19 pandemic has altered the emotional landscape, broadly heightening...

    Authors: Caitlin A. Sisk, Yi Ni Toh, Jihyang Jun, Roger W. Remington and Vanessa G. Lee
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:48
  10. Many concepts are defined by their relationships to one another. However, instructors might teach these concepts individually, neglecting their interconnections. For instance, students learning about statistic...

    Authors: Daniel Corral, Alice F. Healy and Matt Jones
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:47
  11. Over the past two years, face masks have been a critical tool for preventing the spread of COVID-19. While previous studies have examined the effects of masks on speech recognition, much of this work was condu...

    Authors: Anne Marie Crinnion, Joseph C. Toscano and Cheyenne M. Toscano
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:46
  12. During the COVID-19 pandemic, the wearing of face masks became mandatory in public areas or at workplaces in many countries. While offering protection, the coverage of large parts of our face (nose, mouth and ...

    Authors: Diana Kollenda and Benjamin de Haas
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:45
  13. Individuals with homonymous visual field loss (HVFL) fail to perceive visual information that falls within the blind portions of their visual field. This places additional burden on memory to represent informa...

    Authors: Garrett Swan, Jing Xu, Vilte Baliutaviciute and Alex Bowers
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:44
  14. A rapidly growing body of empirical research has recently started to emerge highlighting the connotative and/or semiotic meanings that consumers typically associate with specific abstract visual design feature...

    Authors: Charles Spence and George Van Doorn
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:42
  15. Previous research suggests people struggle to detect a series of movements that might imply hostile intentions of a vessel, yet this ability is crucial in many real world Naval scenarios. To investigate possib...

    Authors: Colleen E. Patton, Christopher D. Wickens, Benjamin A. Clegg, Kayla M. Noble and C. A. P. Smith
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:41
  16. Past studies have provided evidence that the effects of tactile stimulation on binocular rivalry are mediated by primitive features (orientation and spatial frequency) common in vision and touch. In this study...

    Authors: Mikoto Ono, Nobuyuki Hirose and Shuji Mori
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:40
  17. Holistic processing has been identified as an expertise marker of face and object recognition. By contrast, reduced holistic processing is purportedly an expertise marker in recognising orthographic characters...

    Authors: Ricky Van-yip Tso, Terry Kit-fong Au and Janet Hui-wen Hsiao
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:39
  18. On April 13, 2021, the CDC announced that the administration of Johnson and Johnson’s COVID-19 vaccine would be paused due to a rare blood clotting side effect in ~ 0.0001% of people given the vaccine. Most pe...

    Authors: Madison Fansher, Tyler J. Adkins, Poortata Lalwani, Aysecan Boduroglu, Madison Carlson, Madelyn Quirk, Richard L. Lewis, Priti Shah, Han Zhang and John Jonides
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:38
  19. We examined how prior experience encountering targets affected attention allocation and event-based prospective memory. Participants performed four color match task blocks with a difficult, but specified prosp...

    Authors: Kara N. Moore, James Michael Lampinen, Eryn J. Adams, Blake L. Nesmith and Presley Burch
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:37
  20. From infrared body temperature surveillance to lifeguarding, real-life visual search is usually continuous and comes with rare targets. Previous research has examined realistic search tasks involving separate ...

    Authors: Louis K. H. Chan and Winnie W. L. Chan
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:36
  21. Current theories of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) propose that memory abnormalities are central to the development and persistence of symptoms. While the most notable memory disturbances in PTSD involve...

    Authors: Barbara L. Pitts, Michelle L. Eisenberg, Heather R. Bailey and Jeffrey M. Zacks
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:35
  22. Accumulating evidence suggests that individuals with greater executive resources spend less time mind wandering. Independent strands of research further suggest that this association depends on concentration a...

    Authors: David Marcusson-Clavertz, Stefan D. Persson, Etzel Cardeña, Devin B. Terhune, Cassandra Gort and Christine Kuehner
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:34
  23. Previous research has shown that face masks impair the ability to perceive social information and the readability of emotions. These studies mostly explored the effect of standard medical, often white, masks o...

    Authors: Olesya Blazhenkova, Kivilcim Dogerlioglu-Demir and Robert W. Booth
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:33
  24. We examined how mask use affects performance and eye movements in face recognition and whether strategy change reflected in eye movements is associated with performance change. Eighty-eight participants perfor...

    Authors: Janet Hui-wen Hsiao, Weiyan Liao and Ricky Van Yip Tso
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:32
  25. One important aspect of cognitive control is the ability to stop a response in progress and motivational aspects, such as self-relevance, which may be able to influence this ability. We test the influence of s...

    Authors: Maximilian A. Friehs, Martin Dechant, Sarah Schäfer and Regan L. Mandryk
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:31
  26. To slow the spread of COVID-19, many people now wear face masks in public. Face masks impair our ability to identify faces, which can cause problems for professional staff who identify offenders or members of ...

    Authors: Daniel J. Carragher, Alice Towler, Viktoria R. Mileva, David White and Peter J. B. Hancock
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:30
  27. Previous research has mostly approached face recognition and target identification by focusing on face perception mechanisms, but memory mechanisms also appear to play a role. Here, we examined how the presenc...

    Authors: Teresa Garcia-Marques, Manuel Oliveira and Ludmila Nunes
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:29
  28. Humans have deliberately scented their environment for purpose or pleasure for millennia. In the contemporary marketplace most consumers prefer and purchase scented versions of common household products. Howev...

    Authors: Rachel S. Herz, Maria Larsson, Rafael Trujillo, Marisa C. Casola, Farah K. Ahmed, Stacy Lipe and Morgan E. Brashear
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:28
  29. Research has consistently shown that concealing facial features can hinder subsequent identification. The widespread adoption of face masks due to the COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the critical and urgent ...

    Authors: Krista D. Manley, Jason C. K. Chan and Gary L. Wells
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:27
  30. Considerable research has examined the prevalence and apparent consequences of task-unrelated thoughts (TUTs) in both laboratory and authentic educational settings. Few studies, however, have explored methods ...

    Authors: Matthew S. Welhaf, Natalie E. Phillips, Bridget A. Smeekens, Akira Miyake and Michael J. Kane
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:26
  31. Spatial skills are critical for student success in K-12 STEM education. Teachers’ spatial skills and feelings about completing spatial tasks influence students’ spatial and STEM learning at both the primary an...

    Authors: Kelsey Rocha, Catherine M. Lussier and Kinnari Atit
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:25
  32. Face masks have become common protective measures in community and workplace environments to help reduce the spread of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection. Face masks can mak...

    Authors: Brenda T. Poon and Lorienne M. Jenstad
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:24
  33. Stable individual differences in cognitive motivation (i.e., the tendency to engage in and enjoy effortful cognitive activities) have been documented with self-report measures, yet convergent support for a tra...

    Authors: Jennifer L. Crawford, Sarah A. Eisenstein, Jonathan E. Peelle and Todd S. Braver
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:23
  34. We used a driving simulator to investigate landmark-based route navigation in young adults. Previous research has examined how proximal and distal landmarks influence route navigation, however, these effects h...

    Authors: Yasaman Jabbari, Darren M. Kenney, Martin von Mohrenschildt and Judith M. Shedden
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:22
  35. Two aspects of real-world visual search are typically studied in parallel: category knowledge (e.g., searching for food) and visual patterns (e.g., predicting an upcoming street sign from prior street signs). ...

    Authors: Austin Moon, Jiaying Zhao, Megan A. K. Peters and Rachel Wu
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:21
  36. Visual working memory (VWM) is typically measured using arrays of two-dimensional isolated stimuli with simple visual identities (e.g., color or shape), and these studies typically find strong capacity limits....

    Authors: Chuanxiuyue He, Peri Gunalp, Hauke S. Meyerhoff, Zoe Rathbun, Mike Stieff, Steven L. Franconeri and Mary Hegarty
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:19
  37. Some research indicates that face masks impair identification and other judgements such as trustworthiness. However, it is unclear whether those effects have abated over time as individuals adjust to widesprea...

    Authors: Rachel J. Bennetts, Poppy Johnson Humphrey, Paulina Zielinska and Sarah Bate
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:18
  38. This study examined whether our ability to accurately estimate unfamiliar faces’ ages declines when they are wearing sunglasses or surgical-style face masks and whether these disguises make it harder to later ...

    Authors: Craig Thorley, Benjamin Acton, Jesse Armstrong, Shanade Ford and Margaret Gundry
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:17
  39. The coronavirus pandemic has resulted in increased use of face masks worldwide. Here, we examined the effect of wearing a face mask on the ability to recognise facial expressions of emotion. In a within-subjec...

    Authors: Emily Grenville and Dominic M. Dwyer
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:15
  40. In three experiments, we sought to understand when and why people use an algorithm decision aid. Distinct from recent approaches, we explicitly enumerate the algorithm’s accuracy while also providing summary f...

    Authors: Garston Liang, Jennifer F. Sloane, Christopher Donkin and Ben R. Newell
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:14
  41. Face perception is considered a remarkable visual ability in humans that is subject to a prolonged developmental trajectory. In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, mask-wearing has become mandatory for adults a...

    Authors: Andreja Stajduhar, Tzvi Ganel, Galia Avidan, R. Shayna Rosenbaum and Erez Freud
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:9
  42. We report results from a driving simulator paradigm we developed to test the fine temporal effects of verbal tasks on simultaneous tracking performance. A total of 74 undergraduate students participated in two...

    Authors: Jonathan C. Rann and Amit Almor
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:12
  43. Visuo-spatial reasoning tests, such as Raven's matrices, Cattell's culture-fair test, or various subtests of the Wechsler scales, are frequently used to estimate intelligence scores in the context of inter-rac...

    Authors: Corentin Gonthier
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:11
  44. Using an online, medical image labeling app, 803 individuals rated images of skin lesions as either "melanoma" (skin cancer) or "nevus" (a skin mole). Each block consisted of 80 images. Blocks could have high ...

    Authors: Jeremy M. Wolfe
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:10
  45. Much research has found that implicit associations between Black male faces and aggression affect dispositional judgments and decision-making, but there have been few investigations into downstream effects on ...

    Authors: William Blake Erickson, Arianna Wright and Moshe Naveh-Benjamin
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:8

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