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  1. Today’s citizens are expected to use evidence, frequently presented in the media, to inform decisions about health, behavior, and public policy. However, science misinformation is ubiquitous in the media, maki...

    Authors: Audrey L. Michal, Yiwen Zhong and Priti Shah
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:28
  2. Camouflage-breaking is a special case of visual search where an object of interest, or target, can be hard to distinguish from the background even when in plain view. We have previously shown that naive, non-p...

    Authors: Fallon Branch, Allison JoAnna Lewis, Isabella Noel Santana and Jay Hegdé
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:27
  3. Collective intelligence (CI) is said to manifest in a group’s domain general mental ability. It can be measured across a battery of group IQ tests and statistically reduced to a latent factor called the “c-factor...

    Authors: Luke I. Rowe, John Hattie and Robert Hester
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:26
  4. Professional screeners frequently verify photograph IDs in such industries as professional security, bar tending, and sales of age-restricted materials. Moreover, security screening is a vital tool for law enf...

    Authors: Dawn R. Weatherford, Devin Roberson and William Blake Erickson
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:25
  5. Previous research has focused on accuracy associated with real and fake news presented in the form of news headlines only, which does not capture the rich context news is frequently encountered in real life. A...

    Authors: Didem Pehlivanoglu, Tian Lin, Farha Deceus, Amber Heemskerk, Natalie C. Ebner and Brian S. Cahill
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:24
  6. College students lack fact-checking skills, which may lead them to accept information at face value. We report findings from an institution participating in the Digital Polarization Initiative (DPI), a nationa...

    Authors: Jessica E. Brodsky, Patricia J. Brooks, Donna Scimeca, Ralitsa Todorova, Peter Galati, Michael Batson, Robert Grosso, Michael Matthews, Victor Miller and Michael Caulfield
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:23
  7. The purpose of the present note is to draw attention to the potential role of a recently discovered visual illusion in creating traffic accidents. The illusion consists in a compelling and immediate experience...

    Authors: Vebjørn Ekroll, Mats Svalebjørg, Angelo Pirrone, Gisela Böhm, Sebastian Jentschke, Rob van Lier, Johan Wagemans and Alena Høye
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:22
  8. When a visual search target frequently appears in one target-rich region of space, participants learn to search there first, resulting in faster reaction time when the target appears there than when it appears...

    Authors: Caitlin A. Sisk, Victoria Interrante and Yuhong V. Jiang
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:21
  9. Professions such as radiology and aviation security screening that rely on visual search—the act of looking for targets among distractors—often cannot provide operators immediate feedback, which can create sit...

    Authors: Patrick H. Cox, Dwight J. Kravitz and Stephen R. Mitroff
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:19
  10. It has repeatedly been reported that, when making decisions under uncertainty, groups outperform individuals. Real groups are often replaced by simulated groups: Instead of performing an actual group discussio...

    Authors: Sascha Meyen, Dorothee M. B. Sigg, Ulrike von Luxburg and Volker H. Franz
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:18
  11. Cognition and action are often intertwined in everyday life. It is thus pivotal to understand how cognitive processes operate with concurrent actions. The present study aims to assess how simple physical effor...

    Authors: Hyung-Bum Park, Shinhae Ahn and Weiwei Zhang
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:17
  12. Experts outperform novices on many cognitive and perceptual tasks. Extensive training has tuned experts to the most relevant information in their specific domain, allowing them to make decisions quickly and ac...

    Authors: Samuel G. Robson, Jason M. Tangen and Rachel A. Searston
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:16
  13. The diagnostic feature-detection theory (DFT) of eyewitness identification is based on facial information that is diagnostic versus non-diagnostic of suspect guilt. It primarily has been tested by discounting ...

    Authors: Curt A. Carlson, Jacob A. Hemby, Alex R. Wooten, Alyssa R. Jones, Robert F. Lockamyeir, Maria A. Carlson, Jennifer L. Dias and Jane E. Whittington
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:14
  14. Decisions often require a tradeoff between immediate and long-term gratification. How individuals resolve such tradeoffs reflects constructs such as temporal discounting, the degree that individuals devalue de...

    Authors: Michael T. Bixter and Christian C. Luhmann
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:13
  15. Visual inspection of luggage using X-ray technology at airports is a time-sensitive task that is often supported by automated systems to increase performance and reduce workload. The present study evaluated ho...

    Authors: Tobias Rieger, Lydia Heilmann and Dietrich Manzey
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:12
  16. The introduction of autonomous vehicles (AVs) could prevent many accidents attributable to human driver error. However, even entirely driverless vehicles will sometimes require remote human intervention. Curre...

    Authors: Clare Mutzenich, Szonya Durant, Shaun Helman and Polly Dalton
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:9
  17. CCTV plays a prominent role in public security, health and safety. Monitoring large arrays of CCTV camera feeds is a visually and cognitively demanding task. Arranging the scenes by geographical proximity in t...

    Authors: Benjamin W. Tatler
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:11
  18. According to the Gricean Maxim of Quantity, speakers provide the amount of information listeners require to correctly interpret an utterance, and no more (Grice in Logic and conversation, 1975). However, speak...

    Authors: Gwendolyn Rehrig, Reese A. Cullimore, John M. Henderson and Fernanda Ferreira
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:10
  19. Domain-specific expertise changes the way people perceive, process, and remember information from that domain. This is often observed in visual domains involving skilled searches, such as athletics referees, o...

    Authors: Megan H. Papesh, Michael C. Hout, Juan D. Guevara Pinto, Arryn Robbins and Alexis Lopez
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:7
  20. The 2016 US Presidential campaign saw an explosion in popularity for the term “fake news.” This phenomenon raises interesting questions: Which news sources do people believe are fake, and what do people think ...

    Authors: Robert B. Michael and Brooke O. Breaux
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:6
  21. Stable individual differences in cognitive motivation (i.e., the tendency to engage in and enjoy effortful cognitive activities) have been documented with self-report measures, yet convergent support for a tra...

    Authors: Jennifer L. Crawford, Sarah A. Eisenstein, Jonathan E. Peelle and Todd S. Braver
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:4

    The Editor's Note to this article has been published in Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:43

  22. People with visual impairment often rely on their residual vision when interacting with their spatial environments. The goal of visual accessibility is to design spaces that allow for safe travel for the large...

    Authors: Sarah H. Creem-Regehr, Erica M. Barhorst-Cates, Margaret R. Tarampi, Kristina M. Rand and Gordon E. Legge
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:3
  23. Over the course of our lifetimes, we accumulate extensive experience associating the things that we see with the words we have learned to describe them. As a result, adults engaged in a visual search task will...

    Authors: Sarah Chabal, Sayuri Hayakawa and Viorica Marian
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:2
  24. The aim of this study was to examine the impact of predictability on dual-task performance by systematically manipulating predictability in either one of two tasks, as well as between tasks. According to capac...

    Authors: Laura Broeker, Harald Ewolds, Rita F. de Oliveira, Stefan Künzell and Markus Raab
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:1
  25. Past research suggests that an uncritical or ‘lazy’ style of evaluating evidence may play a role in the development and maintenance of implausible beliefs. We examine this possibility by using a quasi-experime...

    Authors: Kristy A. Martire, Bethany Growns, Agnes S. Bali, Bronte Montgomery-Farrer, Stephanie Summersby and Mariam Younan
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2020 5:65
  26. Misinformation often has an ongoing effect on people’s memory and inferential reasoning even after clear corrections are provided; this is known as the continued influence effect. In pursuit of more effective ...

    Authors: Ullrich K. H. Ecker, Lucy H. Butler and Anne Hamby
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2020 5:64
  27. In a Dutch auction, an item is offered for sale at a set maximum price. The price is then gradually lowered over a fixed interval of time until a bid is made, securing the item for the bidder at the current pr...

    Authors: Murray Bennett, Rachel Mullard, Marc T. P. Adam, Mark Steyvers, Scott Brown and Ami Eidels
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2020 5:62
  28. This article represents the findings from the qualitative portion of a mixed methods study that investigated the impact of middle school students’ spatial skills on their plate tectonics learning while using a...

    Authors: Colleen M. Epler-Ruths, Scott McDonald, Amy Pallant and Hee-Sun Lee
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2020 5:61
  29. Despite the considerable amount of research devoted to understanding fraud, few studies have examined how the physical environment can influence the likelihood of committing fraud. One recent study found a lin...

    Authors: Huanxu Liu, Jingwen Yang and Yuki Yamada
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2020 5:60
  30. In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, many governments around the world now recommend, or require, that their citizens cover the lower half of their face in public. Consequently, many people now wear surgical ...

    Authors: Daniel J. Carragher and Peter J. B. Hancock
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2020 5:59
  31. The gun embodiment effect is the consequence caused by wielding a gun on judgments of whether others are also holding a gun. This effect could be responsible for real-world instances when police officers shoot...

    Authors: Jessica K. Witt, Jamie E. Parnes and Nathan L. Tenhundfeld
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2020 5:58
  32. The “surprisingly popular” method (SP) of aggregating individual judgments has shown promise in overcoming a weakness of other crowdsourcing methods—situations in which the majority is incorrect. This method r...

    Authors: Abraham M. Rutchick, Bryan J. Ross, Dustin P. Calvillo and Catherine C. Mesick
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2020 5:57
  33. To better understand the spread of fake news in the Internet age, it is important to uncover the variables that influence the perceived truth of information. Although previous research identified several relia...

    Authors: Lena Nadarevic, Rolf Reber, Anne Josephine Helmecke and Dilara Köse
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2020 5:56
  34. The illusory truth effect occurs when the repetition of a claim increases its perceived truth. Previous studies have demonstrated the illusory truth effect with true and false news headlines. The present study...

    Authors: Dustin P. Calvillo and Thomas J. Smelter
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2020 5:55
  35. Finding better ways to implement effective teaching and learning strategies in higher education is urgently needed to help address student outcomes such as retention rates, graduation rates, and learning. Psyc...

    Authors: Raechel N. Soicher, Kathryn A. Becker-Blease and Keiko C. P. Bostwick
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2020 5:54
  36. Reference frames ground spatial communication by mapping ambiguous language (for example, navigation: “to the left”) to properties of the speaker (using a Relative reference frame: “to my left”) or the world (...

    Authors: Steven M. Weisberg and Anjan Chatterjee
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2020 5:53
  37. Exposure to environments that contain natural features can benefit mood, cognition, and physiological responses. Previous research proposed exposure to nature restores voluntary attention – attention that is d...

    Authors: Rachel J. Hopman, Sara B. LoTemplio, Emily E. Scott, Ty L. McKinney and David L. Strayer
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2020 5:51
  38. The present study uses a quasi-experimental design to investigate the impact of team preferences on the accuracy of offside judgments. In Experiments 1 and 2, supporters of two German soccer clubs (i.e., Borus...

    Authors: Peter Wühr, Frowin Fasold and Daniel Memmert
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2020 5:50
  39. Research on causal reasoning often uses group-level data analyses that downplay individual differences and simple reasoning problems that are unrepresentative of everyday reasoning. In three empirical studies,...

    Authors: Michael Shreeves, Leo Gugerty and DeWayne Moore
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2020 5:49
  40. The wisdom of crowds and collective decision-making are important tools for integrating information between individuals, which can exceed the capacity of individual judgments. They are based on different forms...

    Authors: Daisuke Hamada, Masataka Nakayama and Jun Saiki
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2020 5:48
  41. What is the role of emotion in susceptibility to believing fake news? Prior work on the psychology of misinformation has focused primarily on the extent to which reason and deliberation hinder versus help the ...

    Authors: Cameron Martel, Gordon Pennycook and David G. Rand
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2020 5:47
  42. Traditionally, architectural practice has been dominated by the eye/sight. In recent decades, though, architects and designers have increasingly started to consider the other senses, namely sound, touch (inclu...

    Authors: Charles Spence
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2020 5:46
  43. It has widely been accepted that aggregating group-level decisions is superior to individual decisions. As compared to individuals, groups tend to show a decision advantage in their response accuracy. However,...

    Authors: Cheng-Ju Hsieh, Mario Fifić and Cheng-Ta Yang
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2020 5:45
  44. Prior research has revealed positive effects of spatial activity participation (e.g., playing with blocks, sports) on current and future spatial skills. However, research has not examined the degree to which s...

    Authors: Emily Grossnickle Peterson, Adam B. Weinberger, David H. Uttal, Bob Kolvoord and Adam E. Green
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2020 5:43

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