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  1. When searching for a known target, mental representations of target features, or templates, guide attention towards matching objects and facilitate recognition. When only distractor features are known, distrac...

    Authors: Alex Muhl-Richardson, Maximilian G. Parker, Sergio A. Recio, Maria Tortosa-Molina, Jennifer L. Daffron and Greg J. Davis

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:33

    Content type: Original article

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  2. A major problem in human cognition is to understand how newly acquired information and long-standing beliefs about the environment combine to make decisions and plan behaviors. Over-dependence on long-standing...

    Authors: Gwendolyn L. Rehrig, Michelle Cheng, Brian C. McMahan and Rahul Shome

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:32

    Content type: Original article

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  3. In co-located, multi-user settings such as multi-touch tables, user interfaces need to be accessible from multiple viewpoints. In this project, we investigated how this goal can be achieved for depictions of d...

    Authors: Tjark Müller, Friedrich W. Hesse and Hauke S. Meyerhoff

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:31

    Content type: Original article

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  4. Human operators often experience large fluctuations in cognitive workload over seconds timescales that can lead to sub-optimal performance, ranging from overload to neglect. Adaptive automation could potential...

    Authors: Udo Boehm, Dora Matzke, Matthew Gretton, Spencer Castro, Joel Cooper, Michael Skinner, David Strayer and Andrew Heathcote

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:30

    Content type: Original article

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  5. How do scientists generate and weight candidate queries for hypothesis testing, and how does learning from observations or experimental data impact query selection? Field sciences offer a compelling context to...

    Authors: Cristina G. Wilson, Feifei Qian, Douglas J. Jerolmack, Sonia Roberts, Jonathan Ham, Daniel Koditschek and Thomas F. Shipley

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:29

    Content type: Original article

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  6. Today’s citizens are expected to use evidence, frequently presented in the media, to inform decisions about health, behavior, and public policy. However, science misinformation is ubiquitous in the media, maki...

    Authors: Audrey L. Michal, Yiwen Zhong and Priti Shah

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:28

    Content type: Original article

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  7. Camouflage-breaking is a special case of visual search where an object of interest, or target, can be hard to distinguish from the background even when in plain view. We have previously shown that naive, non-p...

    Authors: Fallon Branch, Allison JoAnna Lewis, Isabella Noel Santana and Jay Hegdé

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:27

    Content type: Brief report

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  8. Collective intelligence (CI) is said to manifest in a group’s domain general mental ability. It can be measured across a battery of group IQ tests and statistically reduced to a latent factor called the “c-factor...

    Authors: Luke I. Rowe, John Hattie and Robert Hester

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:26

    Content type: Review article

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  9. Professional screeners frequently verify photograph IDs in such industries as professional security, bar tending, and sales of age-restricted materials. Moreover, security screening is a vital tool for law enf...

    Authors: Dawn R. Weatherford, Devin Roberson and William Blake Erickson

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:25

    Content type: Original article

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  10. Previous research has focused on accuracy associated with real and fake news presented in the form of news headlines only, which does not capture the rich context news is frequently encountered in real life. A...

    Authors: Didem Pehlivanoglu, Tian Lin, Farha Deceus, Amber Heemskerk, Natalie C. Ebner and Brian S. Cahill

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:24

    Content type: Original article

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  11. College students lack fact-checking skills, which may lead them to accept information at face value. We report findings from an institution participating in the Digital Polarization Initiative (DPI), a nationa...

    Authors: Jessica E. Brodsky, Patricia J. Brooks, Donna Scimeca, Ralitsa Todorova, Peter Galati, Michael Batson, Robert Grosso, Michael Matthews, Victor Miller and Michael Caulfield

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:23

    Content type: Original article

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  12. The purpose of the present note is to draw attention to the potential role of a recently discovered visual illusion in creating traffic accidents. The illusion consists in a compelling and immediate experience...

    Authors: Vebjørn Ekroll, Mats Svalebjørg, Angelo Pirrone, Gisela Böhm, Sebastian Jentschke, Rob van Lier, Johan Wagemans and Alena Høye

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:22

    Content type: Original article

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  13. When a visual search target frequently appears in one target-rich region of space, participants learn to search there first, resulting in faster reaction time when the target appears there than when it appears...

    Authors: Caitlin A. Sisk, Victoria Interrante and Yuhong V. Jiang

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:21

    Content type: Original article

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  14. Professions such as radiology and aviation security screening that rely on visual search—the act of looking for targets among distractors—often cannot provide operators immediate feedback, which can create sit...

    Authors: Patrick H. Cox, Dwight J. Kravitz and Stephen R. Mitroff

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:19

    Content type: Original article

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  15. It has repeatedly been reported that, when making decisions under uncertainty, groups outperform individuals. Real groups are often replaced by simulated groups: Instead of performing an actual group discussio...

    Authors: Sascha Meyen, Dorothee M. B. Sigg, Ulrike von Luxburg and Volker H. Franz

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:18

    Content type: Original article

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  16. Cognition and action are often intertwined in everyday life. It is thus pivotal to understand how cognitive processes operate with concurrent actions. The present study aims to assess how simple physical effor...

    Authors: Hyung-Bum Park, Shinhae Ahn and Weiwei Zhang

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:17

    Content type: Original article

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  17. Experts outperform novices on many cognitive and perceptual tasks. Extensive training has tuned experts to the most relevant information in their specific domain, allowing them to make decisions quickly and ac...

    Authors: Samuel G. Robson, Jason M. Tangen and Rachel A. Searston

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:16

    Content type: Original article

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  18. The diagnostic feature-detection theory (DFT) of eyewitness identification is based on facial information that is diagnostic versus non-diagnostic of suspect guilt. It primarily has been tested by discounting ...

    Authors: Curt A. Carlson, Jacob A. Hemby, Alex R. Wooten, Alyssa R. Jones, Robert F. Lockamyeir, Maria A. Carlson, Jennifer L. Dias and Jane E. Whittington

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:14

    Content type: Original article

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  19. Visual inspection of luggage using X-ray technology at airports is a time-sensitive task that is often supported by automated systems to increase performance and reduce workload. The present study evaluated ho...

    Authors: Tobias Rieger, Lydia Heilmann and Dietrich Manzey

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:12

    Content type: Original article

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  20. The introduction of autonomous vehicles (AVs) could prevent many accidents attributable to human driver error. However, even entirely driverless vehicles will sometimes require remote human intervention. Curre...

    Authors: Clare Mutzenich, Szonya Durant, Shaun Helman and Polly Dalton

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:9

    Content type: Review article

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  21. CCTV plays a prominent role in public security, health and safety. Monitoring large arrays of CCTV camera feeds is a visually and cognitively demanding task. Arranging the scenes by geographical proximity in t...

    Authors: Benjamin W. Tatler

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:11

    Content type: Original article

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  22. According to the Gricean Maxim of Quantity, speakers provide the amount of information listeners require to correctly interpret an utterance, and no more (Grice in Logic and conversation, 1975). However, speak...

    Authors: Gwendolyn Rehrig, Reese A. Cullimore, John M. Henderson and Fernanda Ferreira

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:10

    Content type: Original article

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  23. Domain-specific expertise changes the way people perceive, process, and remember information from that domain. This is often observed in visual domains involving skilled searches, such as athletics referees, o...

    Authors: Megan H. Papesh, Michael C. Hout, Juan D. Guevara Pinto, Arryn Robbins and Alexis Lopez

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:7

    Content type: Original article

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  24. The 2016 US Presidential campaign saw an explosion in popularity for the term “fake news.” This phenomenon raises interesting questions: Which news sources do people believe are fake, and what do people think ...

    Authors: Robert B. Michael and Brooke O. Breaux

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:6

    Content type: Original article

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  25. Stable individual differences in cognitive motivation (i.e., the tendency to engage in and enjoy effortful cognitive activities) have been documented with self-report measures, yet convergent support for a tra...

    Authors: Jennifer L. Crawford, Sarah A. Eisenstein, Jonathan E. Peelle and Todd S. Braver

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:4

    Content type: Registered Reports and Replication

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  26. People with visual impairment often rely on their residual vision when interacting with their spatial environments. The goal of visual accessibility is to design spaces that allow for safe travel for the large...

    Authors: Sarah H. Creem-Regehr, Erica M. Barhorst-Cates, Margaret R. Tarampi, Kristina M. Rand and Gordon E. Legge

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:3

    Content type: Review article

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  27. Over the course of our lifetimes, we accumulate extensive experience associating the things that we see with the words we have learned to describe them. As a result, adults engaged in a visual search task will...

    Authors: Sarah Chabal, Sayuri Hayakawa and Viorica Marian

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:2

    Content type: Brief report

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  28. The aim of this study was to examine the impact of predictability on dual-task performance by systematically manipulating predictability in either one of two tasks, as well as between tasks. According to capac...

    Authors: Laura Broeker, Harald Ewolds, Rita F. de Oliveira, Stefan Künzell and Markus Raab

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2021 6:1

    Content type: Original article

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  29. Past research suggests that an uncritical or ‘lazy’ style of evaluating evidence may play a role in the development and maintenance of implausible beliefs. We examine this possibility by using a quasi-experime...

    Authors: Kristy A. Martire, Bethany Growns, Agnes S. Bali, Bronte Montgomery-Farrer, Stephanie Summersby and Mariam Younan

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2020 5:65

    Content type: Original article

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  30. Misinformation often has an ongoing effect on people’s memory and inferential reasoning even after clear corrections are provided; this is known as the continued influence effect. In pursuit of more effective ...

    Authors: Ullrich K. H. Ecker, Lucy H. Butler and Anne Hamby

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2020 5:64

    Content type: Registered Reports and Replication

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  31. In a Dutch auction, an item is offered for sale at a set maximum price. The price is then gradually lowered over a fixed interval of time until a bid is made, securing the item for the bidder at the current pr...

    Authors: Murray Bennett, Rachel Mullard, Marc T. P. Adam, Mark Steyvers, Scott Brown and Ami Eidels

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2020 5:62

    Content type: Original article

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  32. This article represents the findings from the qualitative portion of a mixed methods study that investigated the impact of middle school students’ spatial skills on their plate tectonics learning while using a...

    Authors: Colleen M. Epler-Ruths, Scott McDonald, Amy Pallant and Hee-Sun Lee

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2020 5:61

    Content type: Original article

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  33. Despite the considerable amount of research devoted to understanding fraud, few studies have examined how the physical environment can influence the likelihood of committing fraud. One recent study found a lin...

    Authors: Huanxu Liu, Jingwen Yang and Yuki Yamada

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2020 5:60

    Content type: Registered Reports and Replication

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  34. In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, many governments around the world now recommend, or require, that their citizens cover the lower half of their face in public. Consequently, many people now wear surgical ...

    Authors: Daniel J. Carragher and Peter J. B. Hancock

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2020 5:59

    Content type: Original article

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  35. The gun embodiment effect is the consequence caused by wielding a gun on judgments of whether others are also holding a gun. This effect could be responsible for real-world instances when police officers shoot...

    Authors: Jessica K. Witt, Jamie E. Parnes and Nathan L. Tenhundfeld

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2020 5:58

    Content type: Original article

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  36. The “surprisingly popular” method (SP) of aggregating individual judgments has shown promise in overcoming a weakness of other crowdsourcing methods—situations in which the majority is incorrect. This method r...

    Authors: Abraham M. Rutchick, Bryan J. Ross, Dustin P. Calvillo and Catherine C. Mesick

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2020 5:57

    Content type: Brief report

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  37. To better understand the spread of fake news in the Internet age, it is important to uncover the variables that influence the perceived truth of information. Although previous research identified several relia...

    Authors: Lena Nadarevic, Rolf Reber, Anne Josephine Helmecke and Dilara Köse

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2020 5:56

    Content type: Original article

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  38. The illusory truth effect occurs when the repetition of a claim increases its perceived truth. Previous studies have demonstrated the illusory truth effect with true and false news headlines. The present study...

    Authors: Dustin P. Calvillo and Thomas J. Smelter

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2020 5:55

    Content type: Original article

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  39. Finding better ways to implement effective teaching and learning strategies in higher education is urgently needed to help address student outcomes such as retention rates, graduation rates, and learning. Psyc...

    Authors: Raechel N. Soicher, Kathryn A. Becker-Blease and Keiko C. P. Bostwick

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2020 5:54

    Content type: Tutorial Review

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  40. Reference frames ground spatial communication by mapping ambiguous language (for example, navigation: “to the left”) to properties of the speaker (using a Relative reference frame: “to my left”) or the world (...

    Authors: Steven M. Weisberg and Anjan Chatterjee

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2020 5:53

    Content type: Original article

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  41. Exposure to environments that contain natural features can benefit mood, cognition, and physiological responses. Previous research proposed exposure to nature restores voluntary attention – attention that is d...

    Authors: Rachel J. Hopman, Sara B. LoTemplio, Emily E. Scott, Ty L. McKinney and David L. Strayer

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2020 5:51

    Content type: Original article

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  42. The present study uses a quasi-experimental design to investigate the impact of team preferences on the accuracy of offside judgments. In Experiments 1 and 2, supporters of two German soccer clubs (i.e., Borus...

    Authors: Peter Wühr, Frowin Fasold and Daniel Memmert

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2020 5:50

    Content type: Original article

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  43. Research on causal reasoning often uses group-level data analyses that downplay individual differences and simple reasoning problems that are unrepresentative of everyday reasoning. In three empirical studies,...

    Authors: Michael Shreeves, Leo Gugerty and DeWayne Moore

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2020 5:49

    Content type: Original article

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  44. The wisdom of crowds and collective decision-making are important tools for integrating information between individuals, which can exceed the capacity of individual judgments. They are based on different forms...

    Authors: Daisuke Hamada, Masataka Nakayama and Jun Saiki

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2020 5:48

    Content type: Original article

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