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  1. Although cognitive offloading, or the use of physical action to reduce internal cognitive demands, is a commonly used strategy in everyday life, relatively little is known about the conditions that encourage o...

    Authors: Lauren L. Richmond, Julia Kearley, Shawn T. Schwartz and Mary B. Hargis
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2023 8:12
  2. With a brief half-second presentation, a medical expert can determine at above chance levels whether a medical scan she sees is abnormal based on a first impression arising from an initial global image process...

    Authors: Gregory J. DiGirolamo, Megan DiDominica, Muhammad A. J. Qadri, Philip J. Kellman, Sally Krasne, Christine Massey and Max P. Rosen
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2023 8:10
  3. We investigated the relationship between category learning and domain-general object recognition ability (o). We assessed this relationship in a radiological context, using a category learning test in which parti...

    Authors: Conor J. R. Smithson, Quentin G. Eichbaum and Isabel Gauthier
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2023 8:9
  4. Previous studies have shown that the price of a given product impacts the perceived quality of such product. This finding was also observed in medical contexts, showing that expensive drugs increase the placeb...

    Authors: Marcos Díaz-Lago, Fernando Blanco and Helena Matute
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2023 8:8
  5. Free-recall paradigms have greatly influenced our understanding of memory. The majority of this research involves laboratory-based events (e.g., word lists) that are studied and tested within minutes. This lit...

    Authors: Thanujeni Pathman, Lina Deker, Puneet Kaur Parmar, Mark Christopher Adkins and Sean M. Polyn
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2023 8:6
  6. According to previous studies of theory of mind (ToM), social environment and cultural background affect individuals’ cognitive ability to understand other people’s minds. There are cross-group differences in ...

    Authors: Tingyu Zhu, Lijin Zhang, Ping Wang, Meiqiu Xiang and Xiujuan Wu
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2023 8:5
  7. People often engage in unhealthy eating despite having an explicit goal to follow a healthy diet, especially under certain conditions such as a lack of time. A promising explanation from the value accumulation...

    Authors: Massimo Köster, Eike K. Buabang, Tina Ivančir and Agnes Moors
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2023 8:4
  8. Extraction of global structural regularities provides general ‘gist’ of our everyday visual environment as it does the gist of abnormality for medical experts reviewing medical images. We investigated whether ...

    Authors: E. M. Raat, C. Kyle-Davidson and K. K. Evans
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2023 8:3
  9. With pursuit of incremental progress and generalizability of findings in mind, we examined a possible boundary for older and younger adults’ metacognitive distinction between what is not stored in memory versu...

    Authors: Sharda Umanath, Jennifer H. Coane, Mark J. Huff, Tamar Cimenian and Kai Chang
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2023 8:2
  10. Despite numerous investigations of the prevalence effect on medical image perception, little research has been done to examine the effect of expertise, and its possible interaction with prevalence. In this stu...

    Authors: Hanshu Zhang, Shen-Wu Hung, Yu-Pin Chen, Jan-Wen Ku, Philip Tseng, Yueh-Hsun Lu and Cheng-Ta Yang
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2023 8:1
  11. Metacognition plays a role in environment learning (EL). When navigating, we monitor environment information to judge our likelihood to remember our way, and we engage in control by using tools to prevent gett...

    Authors: Lauren A. Mason, Ayanna K. Thomas and Holly A. Taylor
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:104
  12. Previous research has highlighted the importance of physicians’ early hypotheses for their subsequent diagnostic decisions. It has also been shown that diagnostic accuracy improves when physicians are presente...

    Authors: Ploutarchos Kourtidis, Martine Nurek, Brendan Delaney and Olga Kostopoulou
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:103
  13. A common method used by memory scholars to enhance retention is to make materials more challenging to learn—a benefit termed desirable difficulties. Recently, researchers have investigated the efficacy of Sans...

    Authors: Mark J. Huff, Nicholas P. Maxwell and Anie Mitchell
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:102
  14. Memorizing the multiplication table is a major challenge for elementary school students: there are many facts to memorize, and they are often similar to each other, which creates interference in memory. Here, ...

    Authors: Dror Dotan and Sharon Zviran-Ginat
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:101
  15. Intersectionality refers to the simultaneous and interacting effects of multiple group categorization on individuals with minoritized status, often leading to being perceived in a manner inconsistent with the ...

    Authors: Shelby Billups, Barbara Thelamour, Paul Thibodeau and Frank H. Durgin
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:100
  16. Radiologists often need only a glance to grasp the essence of complex medical images. Here, we use paradigms and manipulations from perceptual learning and expertise fields to elicit mechanisms and limits of h...

    Authors: Merim Bilalić, Thomas Grottenthaler, Thomas Nägele and Tobias Lindig
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:99
  17. Several studies have investigated the effect of induced mood state on conceptual breadth (breadth and flexibility of thought). Early studies concluded that inducing a positive mood state broadened cognition, w...

    Authors: Andrew Chung, Michael A. Busseri and Karen M. Arnell
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:98
  18. Face masks became prevalent across the globe as an efficient tool to stop the spread of COVID-19. A host of studies already demonstrated that masks lead to changes in facial identification and emotional expres...

    Authors: Erez Freud, Daniela Di Giammarino and Carmel Camilleri
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:97
  19. When selecting fillers to include in a police lineup, one must consider the level of similarity between the suspect and potential fillers. In order to reduce misidentifications, an innocent suspect should not ...

    Authors: Geoffrey L. McKinley and Daniel J. Peterson
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:95
  20. Virtual faces have been found to be rated less human-like and remembered worse than photographic images of humans. What it is in virtual faces that yields reduced memory has so far remained unclear. The curren...

    Authors: Julija Vaitonytė, Maryam Alimardani and Max M. Louwerse
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:94
  21. Cognitive control operates via two distinct mechanisms, proactive and reactive control. These control states are engaged differentially, depending on a number of within-subject factors, but also between-group ...

    Authors: Reem Alzahabi, Erika Hussey and Nathan Ward
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:93
  22. Matching the identity of unfamiliar faces is important in applied identity verification tasks, for example when verifying photo ID at border crossings, in secure access areas, or when issuing identity credenti...

    Authors: Anita Trinh, James D. Dunn and David White
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:92
  23. Although putting on a mask over our nose and mouth is a simple but powerful way to protect ourselves and others during a pandemic, face masks may interfere with how we perceive and recognize one another, and h...

    Authors: Hoo Keat Wong and Alejandro J. Estudillo
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:91
  24. Previous research has shown that even when famous people’s identities cannot be discerned from faces that have been filtered with monochromatic noise, these unidentifiable famous faces still tend to receive hi...

    Authors: Brooke N. Carlaw, Andrew M. Huebert, Katherine L. McNeely-White, Matthew G. Rhodes and Anne M. Cleary
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:90
  25. Face masks affect the transmission of speech and obscure facial cues. Here, we examine how this reduction in acoustic and facial information affects a listener’s understanding of speech prosody. English senten...

    Authors: Chloe Sinagra and Seth Wiener
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:89
  26. The objective was to document the influence of face mask use by other people on communication experiences, participation in activities, and quality of life. Australian adults (n = 665) completed an online survey;...

    Authors: Karyn L. Galvin, Dani Tomlin, Lynette Joubert and Lauren Story
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:88
  27. Misinformation has been a pressing issue since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, threatening our ability to effectively act on the crisis. Nevertheless, little is known about the actual effects of fake n...

    Authors: Constance de Saint Laurent, Gillian Murphy, Karen Hegarty and Ciara M. Greene
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:87
  28. Educational opportunities occur through naturalistic everyday life experiences (e.g., reading a newspaper, listening to a podcast, or visiting a museum). Research primarily examines learning under controlled c...

    Authors: Lucy M. Cronin-Golomb and Patricia J. Bauer
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:86
  29. Fake news can impair memory leading to societal controversies such as COVID-19 vaccine efficacy. The pernicious influence of fake news is clear when ineffective corrections leave memories outdated. A key theor...

    Authors: Paige L. Kemp, Timothy R. Alexander and Christopher N. Wahlheim
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:85
  30. The widespread use of face masks in the era of the Covid-19 pandemic has promoted research on their effect on the perception and recognition of faces. There is growing evidence that masks hinder the recognitio...

    Authors: Tzvi Ganel and Melvyn A. Goodale
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:84
  31. Face masks are now worn frequently to reduce the spreading of the SARS-CoV-2 virus. Their health benefits are undisputable, but covering the lower half of one's face also makes it harder for others to recogniz...

    Authors: Mike Rinck, Maximilian A. Primbs, Iris A. M. Verpaalen and Gijsbert Bijlstra
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:83
  32. Consumers are exposed to large amounts of advertising every day. One way to avoid being manipulated is to monitor the sources of persuasive messages. In the present study it was tested whether high exposure to...

    Authors: Raoul Bell, Laura Mieth and Axel Buchner
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:82
  33. Face coverings have been key in reducing the spread of COVID-19. At the same time, they have hindered interpersonal communication, particularly for those who rely on speechreading to aid communication. The ava...

    Authors: Eva Gutierrez-Sigut, Veronica M. Lamarche, Katherine Rowley, Emilio Ferreiro Lago, María Jesús Pardo-Guijarro, Ixone Saenz, Berta Frigola, Santiago Frigola, Delfina Aliaga and Laura Goldberg
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:81
  34. Wakeful resting and listening to music are powerful means to modulate memory. How these activities affect memory when directly compared has not been tested so far. In two experiments, participants encoded and ...

    Authors: Markus Martini, Jessica R. Wasmeier, Francesca Talamini, Stefan E. Huber and Pierre Sachse
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:80
  35. Facial first impressions are known to influence how we behave towards others. As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, we often view incomplete faces due to the commonplace wearing of face masks. Previous researc...

    Authors: Robin S. S. Kramer and Alex L. Jones
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:79
  36. Positive symptoms of schizophrenia are associated with significant difficulties in daily functioning, and these difficulties have been associated with impaired executive functions (EEFF). However, specific cog...

    Authors: Pamela Ruiz-Castañeda, Encarnación Santiago Molina, Haney Aguirre Loaiza and María Teresa Daza González
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:78
  37. Typing has become a pervasive mode of language production worldwide, with keyboards fully integrated in a large part of many daily activities. The bulk of the literature on typing expertise concerns highly tra...

    Authors: Svetlana Pinet, Christelle Zielinski, F.-Xavier Alario and Marieke Longcamp
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:77

    The Correction to this article has been published in Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:96

  38. Research on the impact of auditory information on visual anticipation in tennis suggests that the intensity of racket-ball-contact sounds systematically biases estimates of the ball’s speed, thereby influencin...

    Authors: Rouwen Cañal-Bruland, Hauke S. Meyerhoff and Florian Müller
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:76
  39. Mask-wearing during the COVID-19 pandemic has prompted a growing interest in the functional impact of masks on speech and communication. Prior work has shown that masks dampen sound, impede visual communicatio...

    Authors: Sarah E. Gutz, Hannah P. Rowe, Victoria E. Tilton-Bolowsky and Jordan R. Green
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:73
  40. When two people read the same story, they might both end up liking it very much. However, this does not necessarily mean that their reasons for liking it were identical. We therefore ask what factors contribut...

    Authors: Marloes Mak, Myrthe Faber and Roel M. Willems
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:72
  41. The tendency to devaluate delayed rewards, a phenomenon referred to as ‘discounting behaviour’, has been studied by wide-ranging research examining individuals choosing between sooner but smaller or later but ...

    Authors: Diana Schwenke, Peggy Wehner and Stefan Scherbaum
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:71
  42. Evidence-based algorithms can improve both lay and professional judgements and decisions, yet they remain underutilised. Research on advice taking established that humans tend to discount advice—especially whe...

    Authors: Bence Pálfi, Kavleen Arora and Olga Kostopoulou
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:70
  43. Task-unrelated thoughts (TUTs) are frequent distractions from our everyday tasks, which can reduce productivity and safety during task performance. This necessitates the examination of factors that modulate TU...

    Authors: Chelsie M. Hart, Caitlin Mills, Raela F. Thiemann, Jessica R. Andrews-Hanna, Lianne Tomfohr-Madsen and Julia W. Y. Kam
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:69
  44. Health misinformation is a problem on social media, and more understanding is needed about how users cognitively process it. In this study, participants’ accuracy in determining whether 60 health claims were t...

    Authors: Mark Lowry, Neha Trivedi, Patrick Boyd, Anne Julian, Melissa Treviño, Yuki Lama, Kathryn Heley and Frank Perna
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:68
  45. The drift diffusion model (DDM) is a widely applied computational model of decision making that allows differentiation between latent cognitive and residual processes. One main assumption of the DDM that has u...

    Authors: Joshua Sandry and Timothy J. Ricker
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:66
  46. Use of face masks is one of the measures adopted by the general community to stop the transmission of disease during this ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. This wide use of face masks has indeed been shown to disrupt...

    Authors: Ricky V. Tso, Celine O. Chui and Janet H. Hsiao
    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2022 7:64

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