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  1. Content type: Brief report

    Police departments often use verbal confidence measures (highly confident, somewhat confident) with a small number of values, whereas psychologists measuring the confidence–accuracy relationship typically use ...

    Authors: Eylul Tekin, Wenbo Lin and Henry L. Roediger III

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2018 3:41

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  2. Content type: Original article

    Many medical professions require practitioners to perform visual categorizations in domains such as radiology, dermatology, and neurology. However, acquiring visual expertise is tedious and time-consuming and ...

    Authors: Brett D. Roads, Buyun Xu, June K. Robinson and James W. Tanaka

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2018 3:38

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  3. Content type: Review article

    People learn environments through direct experience with the environment and/or through map study. Further, the different perspectives taken while learning an environment influence the knowledge acquired. Afte...

    Authors: Ruizhi Dai, Ayanna K. Thomas and Holly A. Taylor

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2018 3:36

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  4. Content type: Original article

    Searching for unfamiliar faces in crowds is an important task in modern society. In surveillance and security settings, it is sometimes critical to locate a target individual quickly and accurately. In this st...

    Authors: James D. Dunn, Richard I. Kemp and David White

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2018 3:37

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  5. Content type: Correction

    The original article (Padilla et al., 2018) contained a formatting error in Table 2; this has now been corrected with the appropriate boxes marked clearly.

    Authors: Lace M. Padilla, Sarah H. Creem-Regehr, Mary Hegarty and Jeanine K. Stefanucci

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2018 3:34

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    The original article was published in Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2018 3:29

  6. Content type: Original article

    If testing conditions are uncontaminated, confidence at test reliably predicts eyewitness memory accuracy. Unfortunately, information about eyewitness postdictive confidence (at the time of the identification ...

    Authors: Thao B. Nguyen, Erica Abed and Kathy Pezdek

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2018 3:32

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  7. Content type: Original article

    It is well-documented that telephone conversations lead to impaired driving performance. Kunar et al. (Psychon Bull Rev 15:1135–1140, 2008) showed that this deficit was, in part, due to a dual-task cost of con...

    Authors: Melina A. Kunar, Louise Cole, Angeline Cox and Jessica Ocampo

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2018 3:33

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  8. Content type: Original article

    A hallmark of a perceptual expert is the ability to detect and categorize stimuli in their domain of expertise after brief exposure. For example, expert radiologists can differentiate between “abnormal” and “n...

    Authors: Michael D. Chin, Karla K. Evans, Jeremy M. Wolfe, Jonathan Bowen and James W. Tanaka

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2018 3:31

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  9. Content type: Original article

    Theories of face recognition in cognitive psychology stipulate that the hallmark of accurate identification is the ability to recognize a person consistently, across different encounters. In this study, we app...

    Authors: Andrew J. Russ, Melanie Sauerland, Charlotte E. Lee and Markus Bindemann

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2018 3:30

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  10. Content type: Review article

    Visualizations—visual representations of information, depicted in graphics—are studied by researchers in numerous ways, ranging from the study of the basic principles of creating visualizations, to the cogniti...

    Authors: Lace M. Padilla, Sarah H. Creem-Regehr, Mary Hegarty and Jeanine K. Stefanucci

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2018 3:29

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2018 3:34

  11. Content type: Original article

    Training individuals to make accurate decisions from medical images is a critical component of education in diagnostic pathology. We describe a joint experimental and computational modeling approach to examine...

    Authors: Jennifer S. Trueblood, William R. Holmes, Adam C. Seegmiller, Jonathan Douds, Margaret Compton, Eszter Szentirmai, Megan Woodruff, Wenrui Huang, Charles Stratton and Quentin Eichbaum

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2018 3:28

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  12. Content type: Original article

    We investigated the relationships between individual differences in different aspects of face-identity processing, using the Glasgow Face Matching Test (GFMT) as a measure of unfamiliar face perception, the Ca...

    Authors: Jennifer M. McCaffery, David J. Robertson, Andrew W. Young and A. Mike Burton

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2018 3:21

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  13. Content type: Original article

    There are large individual differences in people’s face recognition ability. These individual differences provide an opportunity to recruit the best face-recognisers into jobs that require accurate person iden...

    Authors: Eilidh Noyes, Matthew Q. Hill and Alice J. O’Toole

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2018 3:23

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  14. Content type: Original article

    People vary in their ability to identify faces, and this variability is relatively stable across repeated testing. This suggests that recruiting high performers can improve identity verification accuracy in ap...

    Authors: Tarryn Balsdon, Stephanie Summersby, Richard I. Kemp and David White

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2018 3:25

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  15. Content type: Original article

    In recent years there has been growing interest in the identification of people with superior face recognition skills, for both theoretical and applied investigations. These individuals have mostly been identi...

    Authors: Sarah Bate, Charlie Frowd, Rachel Bennetts, Nabil Hasshim, Ebony Murray, Anna K. Bobak, Harriet Wills and Sarah Richards

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2018 3:22

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  16. Content type: Original article

    Our reliance on face photos for identity verification is at odds with extensive research which shows that matching pairs of unfamiliar faces is highly prone to error. This process can therefore be exploited by...

    Authors: David J. Robertson, Andrew Mungall, Derrick G. Watson, Kimberley A. Wade, Sophie J. Nightingale and Stephen Butler

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2018 3:27

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  17. Content type: Review article

    This journal is dedicated to “use-inspired basic research” where a problem in the world shapes the hypotheses for study in the laboratory. This review considers the role of individual variation in face identif...

    Authors: Karen Lander, Vicki Bruce and Markus Bindemann

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2018 3:26

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  18. Content type: Original article

    Hyper-realistic masks present a new challenge to security and crime prevention. We have recently shown that people’s ability to differentiate these masks from real faces is extremely limited. Here we consider ...

    Authors: Jet G. Sanders and Rob Jenkins

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2018 3:24

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  19. Content type: Original article

    Radiological techniques for breast cancer detection are undergoing a massive technological shift—moving from mammography, a process that takes a two-dimensional (2D) image of breast tissue, to tomosynthesis, a...

    Authors: Stephen H. Adamo, Justin M. Ericson, Joseph C. Nah, Rachel Brem and Stephen R. Mitroff

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2018 3:17

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  20. Content type: Original article

    There is an increasing trend in association football (soccer) to assist referees in their decision-making with video technology. For decisions such as whether a goal has been scored or which player actually co...

    Authors: Jochim Spitz, Pieter Moors, Johan Wagemans and Werner F. Helsen

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2018 3:16

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  21. Content type: Registered Reports and Replication

    Heightened experience of disgust is a feature of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), particularly contamination-related OCD (C-OCD). Previous studies of the rubber hand illusion (RHI) reported that the sense ...

    Authors: Hiroshi Nitta, Haruto Tomita, Yi Zhang, Xinxin Zhou and Yuki Yamada

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2018 3:15

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  22. Content type: Original article

    Research in human vision suggests that in a single fixation, humans can extract a significant amount of information from a natural scene, e.g. the semantic category, spatial layout, and object identities. This...

    Authors: Ali Jahanian, Shaiyan Keshvari and Ruth Rosenholtz

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2018 3:14

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  23. Content type: Original article

    Intersections are critical decision points for wayfinders, but it is unknown how decision dynamics unfold during pedestrian wayfinding. Some research implies that pedestrians leverage available visual cues to ...

    Authors: Tad T. Brunyé, Aaron L. Gardony, Amanda Holmes and Holly A. Taylor

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2018 3:13

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  24. Content type: Original article

    Brain tumour detection and diagnosis requires clinicians to inspect and analyse brain magnetic resonance images. Eye-tracking is commonly used to examine observers’ gaze behaviour during such medical image int...

    Authors: Emily M. Crowe, Iain D. Gilchrist and Christopher Kent

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2018 3:12

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  25. Content type: Original article

    Humans can extract considerable information from scenes, even when these are presented extremely quickly. The ability of an experienced radiologist to rapidly detect an abnormality on a mammogram may build upo...

    Authors: Ann J. Carrigan, Susan G. Wardle and Anina N. Rich

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2018 3:10

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  26. Content type: Original article

    The current study investigated whether long-term experience in music or a second language is associated with enhanced cognitive functioning. Early studies suggested the possibility of a cognitive advantage fro...

    Authors: Annalise A. D’Souza, Linda Moradzadeh and Melody Wiseheart

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2018 3:11

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  27. Content type: Original article

    Placing one’s hands near an object has been reported to enhance visual processing in a number of ways. We explored whether hand proximity confers an advantage when applied to complex visual search. In one expe...

    Authors: Ronald Andringa, Walter R. Boot, Nelson A. Roque and Sadhana Ponnaluri

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2018 3:7

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  28. Content type: Original article

    Fractal patterns are seemingly everywhere. They can be analyzed through Fourier and power analyses, and other methods. Cutting, DeLong, and Nothelfer (2010) analyzed as time-series data the fluctuations of sho...

    Authors: James E. Cutting, Jordan E. DeLong and Kaitlin L. Brunick

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2018 3:8

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  29. Content type: Tutorial Review

    Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was introduced to the field of eyewitness identification 5 years ago. Since that time, it has been both influential and controversial, and the debate has raised...

    Authors: John T. Wixted and Laura Mickes

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2018 3:9

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  30. Content type: Review article

    Research on learning and education is increasingly influenced by theories of embodied cognition. Several embodiment-based interventions have been empirically investigated, including gesturing, interactive digi...

    Authors: Alexander Skulmowski and Günter Daniel Rey

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2018 3:6

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  31. Content type: Original article

    Monitoring visual displays while performing other tasks is commonplace in many operational environments. Although dividing attention between tasks can impair monitoring accuracy and response times, it is uncle...

    Authors: Stephanie A. Morey, Nicole A. Thomas and Jason S. McCarley

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2018 3:4

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  32. Content type: Original article

    People interpret abstract meanings from colors, which makes color a useful perceptual feature for visual communication. This process is complicated, however, because there is seldom a one-to-one correspondence...

    Authors: Karen B. Schloss, Laurent Lessard, Charlotte S. Walmsley and Kathleen Foley

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2018 3:5

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  33. Content type: Original article

    In this article, we begin to lay out a framework and approach for studying how students come to understand complex concepts in rich domains. Grounded in theories of embodied cognition, we advance the view that...

    Authors: Ji Y. Son, Priscilla Ramos, Melissa DeWolf, William Loftus and James W. Stigler

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2018 3:1

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  34. Content type: Original article

    We examined how visual sensitivity and perception are affected by adaptation to the characteristic amplitude spectra of X-ray mammography images. Because of the transmissive nature of X-ray photons, these imag...

    Authors: Elysse Kompaniez-Dunigan, Craig K. Abbey, John M. Boone and Michael A. Webster

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2018 3:3

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  35. Content type: Tutorial Review

    The science of learning has made a considerable contribution to our understanding of effective teaching and learning strategies. However, few instructors outside of the field are privy to this research. In thi...

    Authors: Yana Weinstein, Christopher R. Madan and Megan A. Sumeracki

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2018 3:2

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  36. Content type: Original article

    Researchers use a wide range of confidence scales when measuring the relationship between confidence and accuracy in reports from memory, with the highest number usually representing the greatest confidence (e...

    Authors: Eylul Tekin and Henry L. Roediger III

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2017 2:49

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  37. Content type: Original article

    Filler siphoning theory posits that the presence of fillers (known innocents) in a lineup protects an innocent suspect from being chosen by siphoning choices away from that innocent suspect. This mechanism has...

    Authors: Stacy A. Wetmore, Ryan M. McAdoo, Scott D. Gronlund and Jeffrey S. Neuschatz

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2017 2:48

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  38. Content type: Original article

    Research has consistently demonstrated that testing prior to the presentation of misleading post-event information, within the context of a standard eyewitness misinformation paradigm, results in an increase i...

    Authors: Ayanna K. Thomas, Leamarie T. Gordon, Paul M. Cernasov and John B. Bulevich

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2017 2:45

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  39. Content type: Original article

    Film is ubiquitous, but the processes that guide viewers’ attention while viewing film narratives are poorly understood. In fact, many film theorists and practitioners disagree on whether the film stimulus (bo...

    Authors: John P. Hutson, Tim J. Smith, Joseph P. Magliano and Lester C. Loschky

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2017 2:46

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  40. Content type: Original article

    Many real-world searches (e.g., radiology and baggage screening) have rare targets. When targets are rare, observers perform rapid, incomplete searches, leading to higher miss rates. To improve search for rare...

    Authors: Chad Peltier and Mark W. Becker

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2017 2:47

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  41. Content type: Original article

    Searching for targets in the visual world, or visual search, is something we all do every day. We frequently make ‘false-negative’ errors, wherein we erroneously conclude a target was absent when one was, in f...

    Authors: Trafton Drew and Lauren H. Williams

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2017 2:44

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  42. Content type: Original article

    During mathematics instruction, teachers often make links between different representations of mathematical information, and they sometimes use gestures to refer to the representations that they link. In this ...

    Authors: Amelia Yeo, Iasmine Ledesma, Mitchell J. Nathan, Martha W. Alibali and R. Breckinridge Church

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2017 2:41

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  43. Content type: Original article

    We often identify people using face images. This is true in occupational settings such as passport control as well as in everyday social environments. Mapping between images and identities assumes that facial ...

    Authors: Jet Gabrielle Sanders, Yoshiyuki Ueda, Kazusa Minemoto, Eilidh Noyes, Sakiko Yoshikawa and Rob Jenkins

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2017 2:43

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  44. Content type: Original article

    Answering questions before a learning episode—“prequestions”—can enhance memory for that information. A number of studies have explored this effect in the laboratory; however, few studies have examined preques...

    Authors: Jason Geller, Shana K. Carpenter, Monica H. Lamm, Shuhebur Rahman, Patrick I. Armstrong and Clark R. Coffman

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2017 2:42

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  45. Content type: Original article

    Ensemble and summary displays are two widely used methods to represent visual-spatial uncertainty; however, there is disagreement about which is the most effective technique to communicate uncertainty to the g...

    Authors: Lace M. Padilla, Ian T. Ruginski and Sarah H. Creem-Regehr

    Citation: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2017 2:40

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