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Table 11 Myths and facts, and corresponding inference questions

From: You don’t have to tell a story! A registered report testing the effectiveness of narrative versus non-narrative misinformation corrections

Item number Items Inference question 1 Inference question 2 Inference question 3
Myth-1 Humans are made to eat red meat; it should be part of every person’s diet Meals served to children at schools should include at least one serving of red meat every day To maintain a healthy diet, people should regularly consume red meat Diets and health care plans that do not include red meat are unsustainable for humans
Myth-2 Children of homosexual parents have more mental health issues School counselors should be trained to look for characteristics of anxiety and depression in children of homosexual couples Children whose parents are homosexual are at an increased risk of experiencing mental health issues Homosexual couples considering adoption should consider the impact of their homosexuality on the child’s mental health
Fact-1 Laughing regularly helps improve vascular function Laughing workshops should be recommended for people with cardiovascular diseases The American Heart Association should run an advertisement campaign promoting laughter as a preventative measure for heart disease People should be advised to watch comedies as a way to improve their heart health
Fact-2 US citizens are the most generous people in the world Americans should be regarded as generous people Americans can be proud of their generosity Charities seeking funds would be well advised to target Americans as potential donors