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Table 1 Bivariate correlations for spatial activities, spatial thinking measures, and covariates

From: Spatial activity participation in childhood and adolescence: consistency and relations to spatial thinking in adolescence

  N Mean Male Female 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
1. CAQ 345 41.73
(9.94)
45.74a
(10.29)
38.95 a
(8.70)
1          
2. SAQ-Overall 345 50.84
(12.43)
49.26
(11.17)
51.93
(13.15)
0.39** 1         
3. SAQ-Masculine 345 15.31
(5.33)
17.77 b
(6.30)
13.61 b
(3.70)
0.51** 0.64** 1        
4. SAQ-Feminine 345 14.21
(5.23)
11.30 c
(2.13)
16.21 c
(5.78)
0.09 0.72** 0.11 1       
5. SAQ-Neutral 345 21.36
(6.16)
20.21
(5.55)
22.16
(6.43)
0.27** 0.85** 0.33** 0.52** 1      
6. Paper Folding 341 11.12
(4.20)
11.71
(4.16)
10.72
(4.18)
0.08 0.10 0.07 0.06 0.10 1     
7. SHOMI 346 101.94
(12.54)
104.19
(13.20)
100.40
(11.85)
0.37** 0.20* 0.24** 0.08 0.13 0.21** 1    
8. PSAT 310 159.08
(24.83)
159.87
(24.91)
158.53
(24.83)
0.02 −0.06 −0.12 − 0.04 0.006 0.42** 0.17 1   
9. Gender (1 = male) 346 0.41   0.34** −0.11 0.39** −0.46** − 0.16 0.12 0.15 0.03 1  
10. Race (1 = non-white) 346 0.38   −0.06 −0.07 − 0.14 − 0.006 − 0.008 −0.13 − 0.11 −0.19* − 0.005 1
11. Maternal education (1 = completed college) 346 0.83   0.05 −0.005 −0.03 − 0.04 0.04 0.17 0.002 0.29** 0.007 −0.27**
  1. SAQ Adolescent spatial activities questionnaire, CAQ Childhood activities questionnaire, SHOMI Spatial Habits of Mind Inventory
  2. Note: * p ≤ .05; ** p ≤ .01 after controlling for family-wise error rates using a Bonferroni correction; Superscript letters indicate a significant mean difference by gender