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Table 2 Mean correct items (SD) on working memory measures by participant group

From: Musical training, bilingualism, and executive function: working memory and inhibitory control

   Digit span backward Reading span Operation span
Musician Monolingual 8.74 (2.24) 39.6 (16.9) 52.7 (17.7)
  Bilingual 8.11 (2.40) 37.4 (19.8) 37.0 (14.3)
Non-musician Monolingual 7.72 (2.93) 24.8 (14.3) 26.9 (18.1)
  Bilingual 7.15 (2.26) 22.3 (10.7) 45.6 (23.6)