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  1. Original article

    Age-related differences in the legibility of degraded text

    Aging-related changes in the visual system diminish the capacity to perceive the world with the ease and fidelity younger adults are accustomed to. Among many consequences of this, older adults find that text ...

    Benjamin Wolfe, Jonathan Dobres, Anna Kosovicheva, Ruth Rosenholtz and Bryan Reimer

    Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2016 1:22

    Published on: 12 December 2016

  2. Original article

    Comparison versus reminding

    Comparison and reminding have both been shown to support learning and transfer. Comparison is thought to support transfer because it allows learners to disregard non-matching features of superficially differen...

    Jonathan G. Tullis and Robert L. Goldstone

    Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2016 1:20

    Published on: 12 December 2016

  3. Original Article

    Design of embodied interfaces for engaging spatial cognition

    Aspects of spatial cognition, specifically spatial skills, are strongly correlated with interest and success in STEM courses and STEM-related professions. Because growth in STEM-related industries is expected ...

    Paul G. Clifton, Jack Shen-Kuen Chang, Georgina Yeboah, Alison Doucette, Sanjay Chandrasekharan, Michael Nitsche, Timothy Welsh and Ali Mazalek

    Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2016 1:24

    Published on: 7 December 2016

  4. Brief report

    Interactivity mitigates the impact of working memory depletion on mental arithmetic performance

    Doing long sums in the absence of complementary actions or artefacts is a multistep procedure that quickly taxes working memory; congesting the phonological loop further handicaps performance. In the experimen...

    Frédéric Vallée-Tourangeau, Miroslav Sirota and Gaëlle Vallée-Tourangeau

    Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2016 1:26

    Published on: 7 December 2016

  5. Original Article

    Creating visual explanations improves learning

    Many topics in science are notoriously difficult for students to learn. Mechanisms and processes outside student experience present particular challenges. While instruction typically involves visualizations, s...

    Eliza Bobek and Barbara Tversky

    Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2016 1:27

    Published on: 7 December 2016

  6. Review article

    Use-inspired basic research in medical image perception

    This journal is dedicated to “use-inspired basic research” where a problem in the world shapes the hypotheses for a study in the laboratory. This brief review presents several examples of “use-inspired basic r...

    Jeremy M. Wolfe

    Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2016 1:17

    Published on: 14 November 2016

  7. Original article

    Understanding visual attention in childhood: Insights from a new visual foraging task

    A recently developed visual foraging task, involving multiple targets of different types, can provide a rich and dynamic picture of visual attention performance. We measured the foraging performance of 66 chil...

    Inga María Ólafsdóttir, Tómas Kristjánsson, Steinunn Gestsdóttir, Ómar I. Jóhannesson and Árni Kristjánsson

    Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2016 1:18

    Published on: 14 November 2016

  8. Original article

    Talking to your car can drive you to distraction

    This research examined the impact of in-vehicle information system (IVIS) interactions on the driver’s cognitive workload; 257 subjects participated in a weeklong evaluation of the IVIS interaction in one of t...

    David L. Strayer, Joel M. Cooper, Jonna Turrill, James R. Coleman and Rachel J. Hopman

    Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2016 1:16

    Published on: 14 November 2016

  9. Original article

    Looming sounds are perceived as faster than receding sounds

    Each year thousands of people are killed by looming motor vehicles. Throughout our evolutionary history looming objects have posed a threat to survival and perceptual systems have evolved unique solutions to c...

    John G. Neuhoff

    Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2016 1:15

    Published on: 14 November 2016

  10. Original article

    Through the Google Glass: The impact of heads-up displays on visual attention

    In five experiments, we evaluated how secondary information presented on a heads-up display (HUD) impacts performance of a concurrent visual attention task. To do so, we had participants complete a primary vis...

    Joanna E. Lewis and Mark B. Neider

    Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2016 1:13

    Published on: 5 November 2016

  11. Original article

    That’s not what you said the first time: A theoretical account of the relationship between consistency and accuracy of recall

    Over multiple response opportunities, recall may be inconsistent. For example, an eyewitness may report information at trial that was not reported during initial questioning—a phenomenon called reminiscence. Such...

    Sarah E. Stanley and Aaron S. Benjamin

    Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2016 1:14

    Published on: 5 November 2016

  12. Original article

    Visual search behaviors of association football referees during assessment of foul play situations

    It is well reported that expert athletes have refined perceptual-cognitive skills and fixate on more informative areas during representative tasks. These perceptual-cognitive skills are also crucial to perform...

    Jochim Spitz, Koen Put, Johan Wagemans, A. Mark Williams and Werner F. Helsen

    Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2016 1:12

    Published on: 31 October 2016

  13. Original article

    On the learning benefits of confidence-weighted testing

    Taking multiple-choice practice tests with competitive incorrect alternatives can enhance performance on related but different questions appearing on a later cued-recall test (Little et al., Psychol Sci 23:133...

    Erin M. Sparck, Elizabeth Ligon Bjork and Robert A. Bjork

    Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2016 1:3

    Published on: 22 September 2016

  14. Original article

    From hands to minds: Gestures promote understanding

    Gestures serve many roles in communication, learning and understanding both for those who view them and those who create them. Gestures are especially effective when they bear resemblance to the thought they r...

    Seokmin Kang and Barbara Tversky

    Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2016 1:4

    Published on: 22 September 2016

  15. Original article

    Men’s perceptions of women’s sexual interest: Effects of environmental context, sexual attitudes, and women’s characteristics

    Men’s perceptions of women’s sexual interest were studied in a sample of 250 male undergraduates, who rated 173 full-body photos of women differing in expressed cues of sexual interest, attractiveness, provoca...

    Teresa A. Treat, Hannah Hinkel, Jodi R. Smith and Richard J. Viken

    Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2016 1:8

    Published on: 22 September 2016

  16. Original article

    Learning to interpret topographic maps: Understanding layered spatial information

    Novices struggle to interpret maps that show information about continuous dimensions (typically latitude and longitude) layered with information that is inherently continuous but segmented categorically. An ex...

    Kinnari Atit, Steven M. Weisberg, Nora S. Newcombe and Thomas F. Shipley

    Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2016 1:2

    Published on: 22 September 2016

  17. ORIGINAL ARTICLE

    Seeing the unseen? Illusory causal filling in FIFA referees, players, and novices

    Humans often falsely report having seen a causal link between two dynamic scenes if the second scene depicts a valid logical consequence of the initial scene. As an example, a video clip shows someone kicking ...

    Alisa Brockhoff, Markus Huff, Annika Maurer and Frank Papenmeier

    Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2016 1:7

    Published on: 22 September 2016

  18. Brief report

    Bayesian reasoning in residents’ preliminary diagnoses

    Whether and when humans in general, and physicians in particular, use their beliefs about base rates in Bayesian reasoning tasks is a long-standing question. Unfortunately, previous research on whether doctors...

    Benjamin Margolin Rottman, Micah T. Prochaska and Roderick Corro Deaño

    Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2016 1:5

    Published on: 22 September 2016

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