Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 3 Cognitive, visual, subjective, and temporal demand as a function of modality

From: Assessing the visual and cognitive demands of in-vehicle information systems

Modality Mean Lower Upper
Cognitive demand of modality
 Center stack 1.20 1.17 1.23
 Auditory vocal 1.10 1.07 1.12
 Center console 1.42 1.36 1.48
Visual demand of modality
 Center stack 1.49 1.46 1.52
 Auditory vocal 0.77 0.75 0.80
 Center console 1.22 1.16 1.29
Subjective demand of modality
 Center stack 1.00 0.97 1.02
 Auditory vocal 0.63 0.61 0.66
 Center console 0.94 0.89 1.00
Temporal demand of modality
 Center stack 0.86 0.84 0.84 0.88
 Auditory vocal 1.24 1.22 1.22 1.27
 Center console 1.06 1.03 1.03 1.09