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Table 3 Measures used along with number of questions, and example question, and range of responses

From: Elementary teachers’ attitudes and beliefs about spatial thinking and mathematics

MeasuresQuestionsExample questionResponses
Spatial competency15How would you do?
Finding your way to an appointment in an unfamiliar areas of a city or town
1 = Terribly
5 = Very well
 (8 navigation-related from Lawton, 1994)
 (7 everyday spatial tasks)
Spatial anxiety15How would you feel?
Following visual directions to put “assembly required” furniture (e.g., Ikea) together
1 = Not at all anxious
5 = Very anxious
 (8 navigation-related from Lawton, 1994)
 (7 everyday spatial tasks)
Anxiety about teaching mathematics12Rate how much anxiety you experience:
Looking through the pages in your math series teacher’s manual
1 = Low anxiety
5 = High anxiety
 (Hadley & Dorward, 2011)
Mathematics belief instrument, Part B or “NCTM alignment” (Hart, 2002)12Respond with your beliefs about the truthfulness of the statement:
Some people are good at mathematics and some aren’t
1 = True
4 = False
Mathematics belief instrument, Part C or “Math efficacy” (Hart, 2002)2Respond with your beliefs about the truthfulness of the statement:
I am very good at (teaching/learning) mathematics
1 = True
4 = False
Most recent math course1Recall the last course you took in math and when you completed it1 = High school
4 = Graduate school
Spatial-thinking involvement1How much did your last math course involve spatial thinking?1 = No spatial thinking
4 = Substantial amount
Competency in spatial aspects1Rate how you handled the spatial aspects of your last math course1 = I failed
4 = I excelled
Teaching difficulty12How difficult is it for you to teach the math concept(s) involved in this problem?1 = Very difficult
5 = Very easy
Visualization helpfulness12How helpful do you think creating and/or using visualization(s) could be in answering this math problem?1 = Not at all helpful
5 = Very helpful
Spatial-thinking involvement12How much spatial thinking do you think could be involved in answering this math problem?1 = No spatial thinking
4 = Substantial amount
  1. NCTM National Council of Teachers of Mathematics standards