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Table 7 Hierarchical regression analysis to assess the exclusive contribution of advance quizzing before learning to the prediction of “Introduction to Memory” exam performance in second-year students

From: Optimizing learning in undergraduate psychology students: the impact of advance quizzing, review, and classroom attendance

Variable b SE B Beta T p
Step 1
 Constant 14.939 0.306   48.899 < .001
 AQ after 0.073 0.048 .105 1.516 .131
Review 0.168 0.037 .317 4.569 < .001
Step 2
 Constant 14.430 0.344   41.901 < .001
 AQ after 0.143 0.053 .205 2.706 .007
 Review 0.126 0.039 .237 3.242 .001
 AQ before 0.183 0.061 .216 3.002 .003
  1. R 2 = .136 for Step 1; Δ R 2 = .036 for Step 2 (ps < .001)
  2. AQ Advance quizzing