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Table 6 Hierarchical regression analysis to assess the exclusive contribution of advance quizzing before learning to the prediction of “Introduction to Memory” exam performance in first-year students

From: Optimizing learning in undergraduate psychology students: the impact of advance quizzing, review, and classroom attendance

Variable b SE B Beta T p
Step 1
 Constant 11.039 0.296   37.231 < .001
 AQ after 0.234 0.058 .242 4.034 < .001
 Review 0.132 0.040 .199 3.312 .001
Step 2
 Constant 10.388 0.376   27.638 < .001
 AQ after 0.319 0.065 .329 4.902 < .001
 Review 0.082 0.043 .123 1.892 .059
 AQ before 0.176 0.063 .171 2.767 .006
  1. R 2 = .140 for Step 1; Δ R 2 = .022 for Step 2 (ps < .001)
  2. AQ Advance quizzing