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Fig. 7 | Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications

Fig. 7

From: Hands-on experience can lead to systematic mistakes: A study on adults’ understanding of sinking objects

Fig. 7

Average proportion of correct answers in Experiment 3, separated by condition and trial type (see Fig. 1 for an example of each trial type). Trials differ in whether the faster object in a pair was heavy (heavy = fast), small (small = fast), small and heavy (small/heavy = fast), or big and heavy (big/heavy = fast). A mixed-design condition-by-trial analysis of variance (ANOVA) revealed a main effect of trial type. Specifically, we found worse performance on big/heavy = fast trials (M = .76) than on all other trials (Ms = .99), F(3,153) = 156.20, p < .0001, η 2 = 0.75, 1-β = .99. No other effects were significant.

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