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Table 1 Participants’ self-reported demographics for matched sections (N = 230; NDPI = 136, NControl = 94)

From: Improving college students’ fact-checking strategies through lateral reading instruction in a general education civics course

Characteristics DPI Control
Age
 Under 18 11.8 11.7
 18–20 68.4 73.4
 21–24 14.0 9.6
 25–29 2.9 4.3
 30–34 0.7 0.0
 35–39 0.0 1.1
 40–49 1.5 0.0
 50 or older 0.7 0.0
Gender
 Female 58.1 47.9
 Male 41.2 51.1
 Another gender identity/prefer to self-describe 0.0 0.0
 Prefer not to respond 0.7 1.1
Race/Ethnicity (not mutually exclusive)
 American Indian/Alaska Native 2.2 1.1
 Asian/Asian American 19.1 10.6
 Black/African-American 20.6 22.3
 Latinx, Chicanx, Hispanic, or Spanish origin 22.8 26.6
 Middle Eastern/North African 4.4 5.3
 Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander 0.0 0.0
 White 31.6 40.4
 Some other race 1.5 0.0
 Prefer not to say 5.1 1.1
Unavailable/unknown 0.7 0.0
Either parent attended college
 Yes 49.3 56.4
 No 50.7 43.6
Native English speaker
 Yes 75.0 81.9
 No 25.0 18.1