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Table 4 Mean values and standard deviations (SDs) for each measure, split by map condition and sense of direction

From: Where are we going and where have we been? Examining the effects of maps on spatial learning in an indoor guided navigation task

MeasureSense of directionConditionMeanSD
Pointing task errorLow SBSODNo map33.5731.07
Simple map study41.1539.70
Simple map carry38.2230.67
Complex map carry29.7323.59
SketchUp carry43.6937.68
High SBSODNo map43.2142.44
Simple map study22.6821.40
Simple map carry23.8321.75
Complex map carry39.1435.05
SketchUp carry22.2620.02
Shortcut task distance errorLow SBSODNo map3.702.42
Simple map study6.674.71
Simple map carry6.305.22
Complex map carry3.101.50
SketchUp carry6.545.45
High SBSODNo map5.193.41
Simple map study3.833.32
Simple map carry3.134.07
Complex map carry6.164.15
SketchUp carry4.093.30
Landmark recognition task Target landmark d’Low SBSODNo map2.660.32
Simple map study2.120.65
Simple map carry2.280.56
Complex map carry2.460.60
SketchUp carry2.540.39
High SBSODNo map2.310.64
Simple map study2.580.53
Simple map carry2.540.58
Complex map carry2.560.39
SketchUp carry2.480.43
Landmark recognition task Incidental landmark dLow SBSODNo map1.140.78
Simple map study0.870.71
Simple map carry0.640.76
Complex map carry0.930.59
SketchUp carry0.960.59
High SBSODNo map0.980.74
Simple map study0.960.56
Simple map carry1.030.59
Complex map carry0.900.38
SketchUp carry0.990.65
Map completion task route scoreLow SBSODNo map0.460.45
Simple map study0.250.38
Simple map carry0.500.37
Complex map carry0.750.38
SketchUp carry0.230.39
High SBSODNo map0.380.43
Simple map study0.750.35
Simple map carry0.710.40
Complex map carry0.340.40
SketchUp carry0.770.41
Map completion task landmark scoreLow SBSODNo map0.730.19
Simple map study0.630.23
Simple map carry0.640.28
Complex map carry0.830.20
SketchUp carry0.540.25
High SBSODNo map0.720.27
Simple map study0.930.12
Simple map carry0.850.12
Complex map carry0.670.17
SketchUp carry0.820.15
  1. SBSOD Mean Santa Barbara Sense of Direction