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Table 3 Gesture counts and rates by type during pre-lesson explanations

From: Spatial analogies pervade complex relational reasoning: Evidence from spontaneous gestures

  Factor reference Factor change Causal relation Whole system Other or unclear Totals
Study 1 — Pre-lesson explanations
 Number of gestures 28 47 1 34 82 192
 Mean per explanation 1.5 2.5 0.1 1.8 4.3 10.1
 Proportion of participants producing type 0.58 0.74 0.05 0.68 1.00
Study 2 — Pre-lesson explanations
 Number of gestures 98 29 6 81 149 363
 Mean per explanation 4.1 1.2 0.3 3.4 6.2 15.1
 Proportion of participants producing type 0.75 0.50 0.21 0.79 1.00