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Table 2 Descriptive statistics by participant sex for T1 and T2

From: Beyond small-scale spatial skills: Navigation skills and geoscience education

  Male Mean (SD) Female Mean (SD)
T1 T2 T1 T2
Within-route 20.16 (11.83) 16.36 (9.91) 24.85 (13.25) 21.06 (10.41)
Between-route 42.25 (15.24) 36.17 (15.71) 47.58 (12.84) 43.09 (15.34)
Model-building 0.5582 (0.2780) 0.5855 (0.3195) 0.4478 (0.2774) 0.5246 (0.2911)
MRT 35.89 (22.49) 38.47 (26.40) 24.12 (18.30) 30.20 (23.77)
SWM 27.08 (7.93) 30.38 (8.84) 25.15 (9.23) 27.84 (9.11)
WRAT 48.29 (4.97) 46.44 (5.73)
PSAS 4.74 (0.76) 4.80 (0.76)
PVAS 4.66 (0.92) 4.55 (0.98)
  1. MRT Mental Rotation Test, PSAS Philadelphia Spatial Ability Scale, PVAS Philadelphia Verbal Ability Scale, SD standard deviation, SWM Spatial Working Memory, T1 pre test (start of academic semester), T2 post test (end of academic semester), WRAT Wide Range Achievement Test